Getting the right diamond information is paramount when buying an engagement ring. With over 80% of engagement rings comprised of a gleaming white diamond, there is little room for error. Take into consideration that these little rocks carry huge price tags, and you have even more reason to get the right diamond information the first time around!
There are four main things that classify a diamond. They are called the four cs and are carat, cut, color and clarity. Each is very important when making your selection and determines the overall price you’ll be paying for your ring.
The first characteristic regarding a diamond is its size. Diamond are measured in carats (not carrots, mind you!). These carats determine how big the bling is!
The next classification is cut. While some people assume this refers to the shape of the diamond, this isn’t the case. The cut talks about the reflective quality of the diamond. Diamonds have various sides or facets that the diamond cutter creates. These facets reflect light off one another and allow the diamond to really sparkle. The better the cut, the more the diamond is able to shine.
Up next is the color of the diamond. White diamonds are rated from colourless to slightly yellow. This is based on the composition of the diamond and affects the brilliance of the stone. The less colour, the more it is able to reflect light and, in turn, sparkle! Diamonds rated D are the rarest and most expensive. Here is the color chart.
Clarity measures a diamonds flaws. There are two types of flaws. The first are blemishes – external flaws and the other are inclusions – or internal flaws. An inclusion can be an air bubble or a different mineral deposit within the diamond. The highest grading possible is an F and that means there are no inclusions or blemishes at all. The following GIA chart explains the rest.
No matter what diamond you choose, it is paramount that you use a jeweler you trust. I once bought my mom a diamond pendant (and paid full diamond price), only to find out that the jeweler accidentally sold me the cubic zirconium version. Luckily my mom has an eye for diamonds and was able to spot their mistake right away (much to my embarrassment).
In any case, here is a clip from the Tyra Banks show with internationally renowned diamond expert Fred Cuellar on how to spot a fake.